UNIT VIII STUDY GUIDEThe Role of Emergency Medical Services

UNIT VIII STUDY GUIDEThe Role of Emergency Medical Services in PublicHealth, Disasters, and Special OperationsLearning ObjectivesReadingAssignmentChapter 15:Interagency Relations andOperationChapter 19:EMS Special OperationsSupplementalReadingUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to:1. Explain the importance of communication and cooperation amonginternal and external agencies.2. Discover the steps involved in planning for local, regional, and stateemergencies.3. Explain how the National Response Plan (NRP) functions.4. Contrast routine operations and special operations.5. Discuss the differences in preparing for mass gatherings and fordisasters.6. Determine general considerations an EMS manager must think aboutregarding special operations as well as contingency plans.7. Discuss the other special operations in which EMS leaders andemployees may take part.See information below.Written LectureLearning Activities(Non-Graded)See information below.Key Terms1. All-hazards approach2. Automatic aid3. Disaster medicalassistance teams(DMATs)4. Disaster mortuaryassistance team(DMORT)5. EmergencyManagementAssistance Compact(EMAC)6. Emergency supportfunction (ESF)7. Local emergencyplanning committees(LPECs)8. Mutual aid9. Mutual Aid SystemTask Force (MASTF)Unit VIII analyzes and bridges nearly all lessons learned to this point andculminates in the exploration of EMS special operations teams and interagencyrelations and operations, which are two very interconnected considerations foremergency medical services organizations.Chapter 15 starts off the unit with a look at the manner by which agenciesinteract; the importance of all-hazards planning at federal, state, tribal, and locallevels; mutual aid agreements; the National Response Framework (NRF); theNational Response Plan (NRP); and emergency support functions (ESFs).Building on the lessons learned in Unit V, and in particular Chapter 14, Chapter15 takes a more in-depth look at the National Response Plan (NRP) and multipleagency interactions during complex, unified, and area command operationsrequiring multi-agency, multi-jurisdictional mutual aid support. Additionally, thisunit gives a high level overview of various FEMA, DHS, and NDMS teams andresources that can be activated to provide support during disasters or othermultifaceted events.To learn more about the National Response Plan, please visit http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf.Chapter 19 explores the implementation of special operations teams to enhanceorganizational and regional response readiness for non-routine operations, suchas those described in Chapter 15. While there is significant overlap between thetwo chapters in terms of the integration of state and federal resources availableduring a disaster or other significant event, Chapter 19 provides additionalinsight into the formation of organization and community level special operationsteams, as well as the minimum requirements necessary to provide personnelneeded to organize federal level resources such as Urban Search and Rescue(USAR) teams.EMS 3301, Emergency Medical Services Management110. National Fire ServiceIntrastate Mutual Aid(IMAS)11. National ResponsePlan (NRP)12. Primary agency13. State emergencyresponse commission(SERC)14. Tactical EmergencyMedical Support(TEMS)15. Urban search andrescue (USAR)Finally, Chapter 19 and the Supplemental Reading assignments touch on theever growing need for EMS organizations to provide specially trained personnelto support law enforcement—particularly SWAT—functions in order to deliverimmediate care in tactical environments. Due to the high-risk nature of tacticalmedical support teams, it is incumbent on the EMS manager to recognize thecommitments necessary in terms of training, specialized equipment, and eventhe consideration to arm their staff when deciding whether or not to develop atactical emergency medical support team.Click here to view the Emergency Management Assistance Compact, whichallows states to share resources during times of disaster.Go to http://www.training.fema.gov and click on “Emergency ManagementInstitute†to find out more information on the how EMS personnel are usedduring national emergencies.Supplemental ReadingClick here to access a PDF of the Chapter 15 Presentation.Click here to access a PDF of the Chapter 19 Presentation.Locate and read the following articles located at http://www.emsworld.com:Caruso, A. T. (2009, August 27). Concert and special event EMS. Retrievedfrom http://www.emsworld.comEMS World. (2010, May 27). Special responses, special medics. Retrieved fromhttp://www.emsworld.com/Lickiss, P. (2011, February 1). EMS, law enforcement and active shooters: Hownontactical crews can support special operations. Retrieved fromhttp://www.emsworld.comWeiss, J., & Davis, M. (2007, October 1). Training tactical medics. Retrievedfrom http://www.emsworld.com/Locate and read the following articles located at http://www.firechief.com:Fire Chief. (2011, October 14). IAFC’s Metcalf on the hill to testify about mutualaid. Retrieved from http://firechief.com/Learning Activities (Non-Graded)Reflection PaperFor this activity, you are asked to reflect on the concepts covered in the ReadingAssignment and the Written Lecture and write about them. What did youunderstand completely? What did not quite make sense? The purpose of thisactivity is to provide you with the opportunity to reflect on the material youfinished reading and to expand upon those thoughts. If you are unclear about aconcept, this will give you a chance to write those questions down and emailthem to your professor for feedback. Can you apply the concepts you learned inthis unit toward your career? How?EMS 3301, Emergency Medical Services Management2This is not a summary but is instead a chance for you to express your thoughtsabout the material learned in this unit by writing about it.The Reflection Paper should meet the following requirements:Be at least one pageContain your thoughts about the material and its value to you personallyContain any questions you may have concerning the materialFormat your writing using APA style. Because this is not a graded assignment, itdoes not need to be submitted. This activity was designed to allow you anopportunity to put your thoughts down on paper so you can determine whatconcepts still may be foreign to you and give you a chance to ask your professorany questions you may have.EMS 3301, Emergency Medical Services Management3

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