The Paragraph

Directions:

This is your first project assignment. Your task is to take what you have learned about PIE paragraphs, formal writing and incorporating sources into writing and develop a strong paragraph.

You will be required to read an article and use information from the article to develop your paragraph, so make sure to read carefully.

Your paragraph should have:

  • A clear point that is an opinion, not a fact.
  • Information that is a quote from “Brainology” that is properly introduced and cited according to our Incorporating Quotes Worksheet.
  • Explanation: An analysis/explanation of the quote you selected as information. Explain to the reader how your information proves your point.

Take the Quiz

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e2QBVZ-NPJc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zT4KX1IKSB0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s2gYq6KbhfA

Incorporating Quotes in Research Papers

First Time a Source is Used:

When you are using a source for the

first time

, you have to properly introduce the source in

order to make the information clear to the reader, avoid plagiarism and develop your own

credi

bility (ethos). Here is a check list to help you do that.

To correctly incorporate a quote, you must:

____

state the author’s name

____

establish the author’s credibility

____

name the title of the author’s text

____ include a completed sentence telling

readers what the author is doing

____In a new sentence,

us

e a verb to lead into the quoted passage

___ After the close of the quote, put the page number the quote was founded on in

parenthesis.

EXAMPLE

:

In her article “Warfare Is Only an Invention

Not

a Biological Necessity,” Margaret Mead, the

famous American cultural anthropologist,

makes an assertion about warfare. She claims

, “there

are peoples even t

oday who have no warfare” (417).

Consecutive Times a Source is Used:

Once you have introduced you

r source the first time, you do not need to include the full

introduction when using information from that same source. All you need to do is name the

author’s last name and provide the page number.

EXAMPLE:

Mead

attempted to raise “liberat

ed, nonviolent sons whose aggressive tendencies would be

mollified by a sensitivity and compassion” (17).

2

If you choose not to name the author in the beginning of the sentence, you need to

provide

his/her last name in the parenthesis along with the page number.

EXAMPLE:

One of the major causes of abuse is the use of alcohol or drugs

. In fact, “Alcohol is almost

always involved in family violence. Up to 80% of all cases involve drinking, whether before,

during or after the critical incident” (Somers 310).

Use

these

method

s

only

after you have already identified the author, author’s credibility,

and his or her text earlier in your paper.

Verbs to Help you When Incorporating Quotes

Note the present tense. Be sure you know the meaning of the word before using it.

acknowledges

commen

ts

endorses

reasons

adds

compares

grants

refutes

admits

confirms

illustrates

rejects

agrees

contends

implies

reports

argues

declares

insists

responds

asserts

denies

notes

suggests

believes

disputes

observes

thinks

claims

emphasizes

points out

writes

< a href="/order">