Decision Making in Teams and Teamwork

Part 1

Teamwork

Groups and group behavior are common in today’s business world. Teams often are able to accomplish a lot more than individuals working alone. However, there are often issues that result when teams and groups are involved. For example, if one person is doing everything, while others are simply sitting back, animosity and resentment can build and can damage the healthy functioning of the team. This is called social loafing.

  • Describe the different types of groups or teams that are commonly seen in the modern day workplace.
  • Describe social loafing, and provide a hypothetical team scenario to illustrate it.
  • Describe the factors that you would need to assess to address this problem more effectively (e.g., group norms, status, diversity, cohesiveness, the stage of the groups development, and group size).
  • Describe an appropriate intervention to reduce social loafing in the hypothetical scenario.

Part 2

Decision-Making in Teams

Decision making in groups or teams is a common occurrence in today’s workplace. However, the question remains as to whether or not groups make better decisions than individuals alone. In this discussion, you will look at cases where groups make decisions that are not as efficient or healthy as individuals working alone. Specifically, you will explore the issues of both groupthink and groupshift. Groupthink is defined as “a phenomenon in which the norm for consensus overrides the realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action” (p. 308), whereas groupshift is defined as “a change between a group’s decision and an individual decision that a member within the group would make; the shift can be toward either conservatism or greater risk but it generally is toward a more extreme version of the group’s original position” (p. 308). In this discussion, provide an example of a meeting where you felt that groupthink and/or groupshift was at work. What are some of the signs and symptoms of groupthink that were present in this situation? What might you do to remedy this type of dynamic if you were in charge of the meeting?

There are 2 parts to this discussion. Please use a minimum of 350 words for each part and answer them separately., Also please Include at least 2 references, one from:

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2019). Organizational Behavior. New York, NY:

Pearson.

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